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A Phenomenological Study on the Political Participation of Student-Leaders in Rizal Technological University: Basis for A School Tour Extension Service on Civic Engagement Awareness

Eunice Leslie V. Balbin1, Jerome Bryan G. Bayhon2, Cristine L. Bayron3,
Claudine I. Canaman4, Aisle Mariz A. Magno5 , Adrian kyle A. Tupaz6,
Assoc. Prof. Jason A. Romero7,,,,,,,,,,,,
College of Education, Rizal Technological University, Cities of Mandaluyong and Pasig, Philippines1-7



In a democratic country just like the Philippines, youth have a role in nation-building and must participate in any political activities in accordance with the constitution, which may influence government decision-making in policy-making. Youth participation was seen and evident in the past May 2022 national election and the political issues emerging in the Philippine context. Besides, the country is facing the COVID-19 pandemic that may affect youth’s political participation, which led the researchers to determine the lived experiences and contributing factors that influence them to engage in political matters. The participants were ten selected student-leaders from various clubs at Rizal Technological University who serve as President and Vice President. Semi-structured interviews were used to gather information. The data collected were analyzed through the use of transcendental phenomenology by Edmund Husserl. The findings revealed that the participants conceptualize political participation as freedom of speech, possessing a political stand or opinion, and activism. Freedom of expression and political activism are the activities that they consider a sign of political engagement. Furthermore, social media, education, emerging trends, peers, family, and their interests are the factors that contribute to and influence their political participation. Based on the study findings and conclusions, the researchers propose a campus political awareness action plan, which is composed of three sets of webinar-training programs to strengthen the political awareness of the selected participants, which would be the basis for the school tour extension program. Also, this study was subjected to further studies regarding students’ conceptualization of political participation in the Philippine context to fulfill the research gap.

Keywords: Political participation, Election, Political issues, Transcendental phenomenology, COVID-19 pandemic

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