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Agricultural and Subsistence Beliefs and Practices of Bugkalot Tribe in Wasid, Nagtipunan, Quirino

Faith Y. Henger1, Marie Rose Guimbangan II2,
Erol B. Lexer Jimenez3, Edilyn A. Tomas4
faithenger3806@gmail.com1, marieroseguimbangan@gmail.com2,
STEM Students
Quirino General High School,
Cabarrougis, Quirino, Philippines



This research explores the intricate agricultural beliefs and practices of the Bugkalot Tribe in Wasid, Nagtipunan, Quirino, shedding light on their profound connection to the land and environment. Grounded in spiritual beliefs, the Bugkalot’s agricultural practices are deeply rooted in cultural values rather than scientific knowledge. The study aims to fill a significant gap in the existing literature, as previous articles have documented Bugkalot agricultural practices in Nagtipunan, but no comprehensive study has been conducted to document and record their indigenous beliefs and practices. Employing an ethnographic approach with a focus on ethno-agriculture, the researchers engaged five Bugkalot farmers in Wasid through purposive sampling. Thematic analysis of interviews revealed a rich tapestry of indigenous beliefs and practices, ranging from pre-planting rituals like “Pang-ngoma” to the unique sowing process known as “Dedeen.” The Bugkalot’s reliance on natural cues for planting, eschewing fertilizers, and irrigation, demonstrates a sustainable agricultural ethos deeply ingrained in their culture. The research also highlights the communal ethos of the Bugkalot Tribe, as evidenced by equitable meat distribution following hunting and the shared responsibility for the well-being of the community. The study concludes by emphasizing the need for future research to delve deeper into the contemporary application of Bugkalot agricultural practices, assessing their impact on environmental sustainability and informing the development of environmentally conscious farming strategies. Ethical considerations, such as informed consent and privacy, are crucial in conducting research with indigenous communities, ensuring a respectful and culturally sensitive approach.

Keywords: Bugkalot, Agricultural Belief and Practices, Subsistence Practices, Indigenous Knowledge

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