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Effects of Online Cooperative Learning (OCL) Student Teams Achievement Division (STAD) Method to the Motivation, Self – efficacy, And Academic Achievement of Students in Science 10

Jo Angeli Ipo Ong
Department of Education, Ocampo National High School
San Francisco, Ocampo Camarines Sur



This study explores the impact of Online Cooperative Learning (OCL) using the Student Teams Achievement Divisions (STAD) method on science 10 students’ self-efficacy, motivation, and academic achievement. Conducted at Ocampo National High School during the COVID-19 pandemic, the quasi-experimental design involved 90 tenth-grade students split into control and treated groups. Pre- and post-experiment assessments included Likert-scale questionnaires on motivation and self-efficacy, along with summative tests. Data analysis, conducted with R software, employed descriptive statistics, t-tests, Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results indicated significantly heightened motivation (weighted mean=4.17, p=0.056), increased self-efficacy (weighted mean=4.2, p=0.04), and improved academic performance (weighted mean=38.69, p=0.00) among students using OCL-STAD. Path analysis revealed the direct effects of self-efficacy on academic achievement (path coefficient=0.25) and motivation (path coefficient=0.04).

Keywords: motivation, online cooperative learning, Student Teams Achievement Divisions (STAD) method, self-efficacy

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