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Indigenous Knowledge and Agricultural Practices of Ifugao Ethno-Farming in Ifugao Village, Diffun, Quirino

Rona A. Domingo, Christlyn M. Gonzales, Michael Ignacio
Quirino General High School, Cabarroguis, Quirino, Philippines



This study endeavors to delve into the traditional knowledge and farming methods employed by Ifugao farmers residing in Barangay Ifugao Village, Diffun, Quirino. Despite the proven efficacy of Indigenous farming practices, they confront formidable challenges including climate change, biodiversity loss, and the erosion of Indigenous knowledge. The research aims to meticulously document and safeguard the wealth of knowledge and practices upheld by Ifugao farmers, recognizing their pivotal role in fostering environmental sustainability and cultural enrichment. Utilizing an ethnographic approach, this study endeavors to unravel the intricate interplay between farming techniques, traditional wisdom, and the multifaceted challenges posed by modernization. By employing key informant interviews conducted in the Ilocano dialect, the project seeks to elucidate how Ifugao farmers adapt their agricultural practices in response to evolving environmental and socioeconomic dynamics. Through purposive sampling, experienced Ifugao farmers are selected as key informants, ensuring a comprehensive examination of the methods, beliefs, practices, strategies, and knowledge that have underpinned Ifugao ethno-farming traditions. The study, spanning one month and focusing on seasoned Ifugao practitioners, guarantees a thorough exploration of the adaptive measures and customs intrinsic to Ifugao’s agricultural heritage. Reflexive thematic analysis serves as the analytical framework for interpreting the gathered data, with anticipated results offering valuable insights into the resilient techniques employed by Ifugao farmers to preserve their cultural heritage and navigate contemporary challenges. These findings underscore the imperative for collaborative endeavors aimed at safeguarding, documenting, and integrating Indigenous knowledge into agricultural practices, thereby fostering resilience and sustainability for present and future generations.

Keywords: Ifugao, Ethno-farming, Indigenous Knowledge, Sustainability, Preservation, Agricultural Practices, Beliefs, Changes perceived, Adaptive Strategies

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