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Knowledge, Skills, and Attitude (KSA) of Instructional Leaders Managing City Public Secondary Schools in One Province in the Philippines

Schools Division of Biñan City
Biñan City, Laguna, Philippines




As instructional leaders, knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSA) play a vital role in managing the city’s public secondary school. The effectiveness and quality of management of people and resources are the accountability of a school leader. If the resources of the school are utilized in all undertakings and the decision-making is always in accord with the guidelines, there is a possibility of effective management and delivery of instruction to the learners. This study aimed to determine the KSA of the school heads as instructional leaders in managing city public secondary schools in Laguna Province and ascertained its relationship to the level of school performance. The descriptive method using the self-structured questionnaires was used to gather the data from 59 school heads and 1,194 teacher respondents from five-component cities in the province. The frequency and percentage were employed to determine the demographic profile and status of programs and projects, while the mean and standard deviation for the level of school performance. The multiple regression analysis was used to know the relationship between knowledge, skills, and attitude (KSA) to school performance. Findings revealed that respondents have a high level of KSA, and it has a significant relationship with the school level of performance. Relative to the findings, instructional leaders may provide dynamic and flexible leadership, as a person responsible for shaping the school curriculum.  More so, they should be capable of formulating schools’ vision and mission, where developmental supervision, monitoring, and evaluation are necessary to sustain best practices including communication and linkages, utilizing resources to improve the level of school performance.

Keywords: Knowledge, Skills and Attitude, Instructional Leaders, school performance, instructional supervision, linkages, and partnership.

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