The Influence of 3-D Model Biological Systems in Understanding Cellular Diversity
Research and Development Office, St. Dominic College of Asia
Emilio Aguinaldo Highway, Talaba IV, Bacoor City, Cavite, Philippines
This study focused on the influence of instructional 3D Model Biological Systems (MBS) in understanding cell diversity. It determined the academic performance of the students according to content knowledge, quality of the artwork, and communication skills; and determined what group of learners benefited most from using 3D instructional models. It involved 30 second-year high school students in a private school in Imus, Cavite. Data were treated statistically with arithmetic mean, dependent t-test, gain scores, Pearson r Product Moment of Correlation, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), F-test, and Tukey multiple comparison test. Findings revealed that the use of 3D instructional cell models was effective in improving the academic performance of the students in terms of content knowledge, quality of the artwork, and communication skills. The computed mean difference of 3.60 and t-value of 10.998 for 29 degrees of freedom, which is 2.756 at a .01 level of confidence, showed a significant difference from their pre-test and post-test scores. This implies that participants obtained much learning on cellular diversity using 3D cell models. All groups of learners benefited most from using 3D instructional cell models thus students’ academic performance in Biology has improved. Thus, the study recommends that 3D instructional models should be used in teaching professional Science subjects such as Biology. More so, similar studies should also be conducted not only in Biology subject but also in Chemistry and Physics courses. Other 3D Model Biological Systems can be used for instruction to Senior High School Science majors and college students.
Keywords: Cellular Diversity, 3D Model Biological Systems, General Biology, Cell Models